Watchdog chastises RCMP handling of missing persons in northern B.C.

The investigation found a RCMP bias against indigenous people

An independent watchdog has uncovered shoddy reporting by RCMP officers in northern British Columbia that makes it impossible to tell whether many missing-persons cases were properly investigated.

The Civilian Review and Complaints Commission for the RCMP also found serious record-keeping gaps, policy weaknesses or compliance issues related to police investigations of public intoxication, personal searches and use of force.

The commission’s consultations in almost two dozen communities in the region –where Aboriginal Peoples account for 17.5 per cent of the population – showed that many believe “the RCMP is biased against indigenous people.” However, the watchdog was “unable to substantiate” the assertion through its policy and file review.

Overall, the commission found no basis to conclude there were “broad, systemic problems” with RCMP actions in northern B.C.

However, it makes 31 recommendations aimed at improving transparency and accountability through better reporting, policies, supervisory review and training.

“What we do know for certain is that RCMP policing in indigenous communities can be improved,” complaints commission chairman Ian McPhail said in an interview.

“The RCMP is working to improve it. We’ll want to see the implementation of these changes.”

In a reply to McPhail’s report, RCMP commissioner Bob Paulson supported, or generally supported, all but one of the recommendations. The police force has already made strides on a number of them.

The complaints commission initiated the investigation in May 2013 in response to concerns about policing in northern B.C. raised by individuals and various human rights and civil liberties groups, as well as a provincial inquiry into missing women.

The commission’s long-awaited report is likely to renew discussion of whether the RCMP is doing enough to prevent and investigate cases of missing and murdered indigenous women. The long-festering issue of aboriginal women and girls who disappear – and often end up killed – is now the subject of a federal inquiry.

In reviewing occurrence reports from northern B.C. for 2008 to 2012, the RCMP watchdog found more than 46 per cent of the records failed to show that Mounties had investigated missing-persons cases promptly and thoroughly, contrary to force policy.

McPhail said the absent information means “it’s not possible to tell how seriously these reports were taken, and there’s just a major gap.”

The commission says an effective reporting system is not just burdensome paperwork, but allows for both internal and external review of police activities. “Maintaining the integrity of such a system is critical to fostering a culture of transparency within the RCMP.”

In his reply, Paulson says the police force has amended its national policy to stipulate that a supervisor must review all missing-persons files to document direction and guidance to members.

The investigation has prompted the complaints commission to examine its own practices, and to work on establishing more awareness and trust in communities, McPhail said.

The commission has opened an office in British Columbia to focus on complaints originating there, particularly among indigenous communities.

During the community consultations, RCMP members also pointed out the importance of good relations and suggested that an urban-based First Nations policing program or strategy was needed in B.C. to emulate successes seen in many smaller communities.

@JimBronskill

Jim Bronskill, The Canadian Press

Just Posted

Atom Stars host hockey tourney

Seven teams from the region clashed sticks

VIDEO: Orcas put on a show near Hornby Island

Louis Jobodin shares photos and video of his experience

VIDEO: B.C. Lions sign defensive back T.J. Lee to contract for upcoming season

The four-year veteran had a team-high four interceptions and 49 tackles last season with B.C.

How an immigrant to Canada helped Donald Trump prove his mental health

Test that cleared Trump was developed by doctor associated with McGill and Sherbrooke universities

Premier touches on multiple topics ahead of Asia trade trip

Housing and childcare are expected to be the focus of the BC NDP’s first budget in February.

Premier offers condolences to family of boy, 15, killed in Vancouver crossfire

John Horgan: ‘No stone is to be left unturned until we find the perpetrator of this heinous crime’

VIDEO: Explorers uncover Canada’s deepest cave in Fernie

The cave, named Bisaro Anima, was confirmed to have broken the record on New Year’s Day

Players sought for National Aboriginal Hockey Championships

ISPARC calls for bantam/midget players to register for selection camp in Kamloops

New funding opens for industry innovation

Northern Development Initiative Trust opened new funds, focused on areas impacted by the pine beetle

Vernon to host largest Special Olympics B.C. Winter Games in 2019

Games to be held Feb. 21-23, with more than 800 athletes expected to take part

Most Read